I spoke with journalist Ulla Poulsen from Kristeligt Dagblad in Denmark this week regarding the current refugee crisis. Here is her published article in Danish (see English translation below). The article addresses concerns regarding the fence between Hungary and Serbia. I argue that the fence will not stop people from migrating to Europe. Even if further fences are put into place the concern is that increased border controls will lead to people taking more dangerous routes to access Europe.
Image Credits: Kristeligt Dagblad
Article Translated by Google Translate:
Barbed wire does not stop refugees, but makes the flight more dangerous
By Ulla Poulsen
After that Hungary has closed the border with Serbia, seeking refugee and migrants against Croatia. Border pushing them to dangerous routes, warn scientists Hardly were the first refugees started to move away from the barbed wire fence on the border between Hungary and Serbia and instead find their way through Croatia, before the warnings about landmines spread on social media like Twitter and Facebook. “Send the card on minefields at the Croatian / Serbian border ahead and warn the refugees to only use motorways and avoid walking over the fields,” wrote among other things the Hungarian help group MigrationAid yesterday morning. Around 61,000 mines are still spread across some 500 square kilometers of land after the wars in the Balkans in the 1990s. They lie partly in an arc that follows the border with Bosnia, and partly in a belt along the border with Serbia – where refugees from Syria and elsewhere now looking over. Since the end of the war, more than 500 people died and 1,466 people have been injured by mines. “The only thing that happens when you close a border and a possible escape route is that you push people out on dangerous routes. You could stop people a place – it has, for example, seen at the border between Spain and Morocco in Ceuta – but they will always try to find alternatives. And they find alternatives. The concern is that the new routes are often very dangerous, “says PhD Katherine Kuschminder, head of a migration project at Maastricht University in the Netherlands and co-author of a new book on illegal routes into Europe, “Illegal Migration Routes to Europe”. Katherine Kuschminder points out that people fleeing wars and conflicts do not stop their trip until they feel that they have come to safety. “People who have nothing to return to, will continue to search for a safe place. It can not prevent the border, “she says. Hans Lucht, senior researcher at the Danish Institute for International Studies, specializing in migration and escape routes do not believe that the 175 km barbed wire fence along the Serbian-Hungarian border will affect the number of refugees to the EU. Perhaps the number for Hungary and not to the EU as a whole. “The escape routes becomes more dangerous, more difficult and more expensive for the refugees, but they will continue to come. If we want to stop them, it will require so much fences and tear gas and so many clubs that we are very far from the methods we usually avail ourselves of the EU, “he says. Hans Lucht believes that it may not come as a surprise that the flood of refugees now appears to turn against Croatia as stepping stones for the most coveted EU countries: Germany, Austria and Sweden. There are currently a feature of refugees to the EU, because the strategy of keeping the refugees in the neighboring areas have failed – and they’ll find a way in. “There is great pressure on the EU, as conditions in the refugee camps definitely not good. The camps are running out of supplies and they need money. The UN has received only a third of the money you need. It is extremely dangerous when neighboring areas, the EU has invested in, “he says. Croatia, which joined the EU in 2013, have only themselves to get asylum seekers, but it has offered to receive about 3000 people, which is more than the share of the EU has asked for. Croatian Prime Minister Zoran Milanovic, believes that Hungary’s behavior reprehensible. “I do not like Budapest’s policy. I regard it as harmful and dangerous. Not because I think that the walls that have been raised, will stop anyone, but they send a dreadful message. A fence in the 21st century is not a solution but a threat, “said Milanovic yesterday, according to the German news station Deutsche Welle.