Together with Zoe Ogahara and Iman Rajabzadeh, this article has been published in International Migration and will hopefully be part of a special issue on Reintegration that I have been co-editing with Ine Lietaert.
The article is open access and available here. Many thanks to the ILO Ethiopia for sharing with us this great dataset and to Aida Awel and Kidist Getachew for valuable comments on the paper. The situation is quickly changing in Ethiopia, but deportations and return are likely to continue to be a significant in Ethiopia for several years to come with the most recent wave of deportations happening again this spring due to Covid-19.
This article seeks to understand the role of the migration lifecycle in the subjective evaluation of return by Ethiopian deportees from Saudi Arabia, focusing on the conditions that lead to positive evaluation of the return. Logistic regression analysis was carried out on a unique data set of 2,039 Ethiopian deportees from Saudi Arabia collected in 2014. Despite having been deported, 45 per cent of respondents evaluate their return positively. It is found that subjective socio‐economic position is highly influential in returnees’ assessment of their reintegration, but those who are self‐employed on return are much less likely than those who are unemployed to describe their return positively. This may be linked to work conditions and because these respondents are engaged in necessity entrepreneurship. Additionally, all stages of the migration cycle, including before and during the migration episode, are influential in shaping perceptions of return.