In February, I had the pleasure to deliver a keynote speech at the Migration Studies Delegation (DELMI) workshop on Return and Reintegration in Stockholm.
As I struggled to organize my presentation, my esteemed colleague Maarten Vink gave a great talk at our institute on 10 observations on citizenship naturalization. This approach inspired my presentation on 10 observations on reintegration.
My 10 Observations on Reintegration can be briefly summarized as:
1. Multiple approaches to Reintegration – despite the acceleration of research and practice on reintegration, there is no agreed approach across actors to reintegration.
2. Changing terminology – from reintegration, to sustainable return, to sustainable reintegration and successful reintegration, the terminology is quickly changing, yet without agreed definitions.
3. Sustainable reintegration separate from remigration aspiration -It is essential to recognize that remigration aspirations are separate from reintegration.
4. We lack reliable and comparable data on reintegration
5. Reintegration can be more challenging than integration
6. It is important to recognize the role of Stigma’s in reintegration- stigmas can be both positive and negative and can significantly impact the returnee
7. Importance of Country Context – The security and economic setting are vitally important in reintegration
8. Expand concepts of decision making in reintegration – the voluntary and forced dichotomy are quite limited and we need to expand further our understandings of reintegration.
9. Reintegration Regimes are rapidly changing. Who is responsible for reintegration? How can more synergies and cooperation be realized across actors and states?
10. What is the relationship between reintegration and Development – is there one at all? What is the evidence for the relationship?