Mixed migration is a new phrase that has gained population over the past decade and describes the complexity of movements today that includes both refugees and other migrants. On 9th November I participated in the first conference of the Danish Refugee Council Mixed Migration Centre in a panel on the drivers and aspirations of migration.
My short presentation highlighted the journeys that mixed migrants face in their routes to Europe. I stressed the importance of living conditions and employment in refugees decisions to move on from Greece and Turkey in 2015. Surprisingly, in our research, legal status was not a significant variable in this decision, and both refugees and irregular migrants wanted to migrate onwards.
For Eritreans in Ethiopia and Sudan, they embark to Libya knowing they will be kidnapped and extorted for ransom, yet they still make the choice to try their luck for Europe. Eritreans have actively developed strategies to ensure their survival through this torturous journey.
These journeys are more harrowing than ever before and individuals know the risks they will face. This leads to several questions as to how do we address the challenges faced in the journey in reception at arrival. What role is there for global responsibility sharing in addressing challenges en route? and How do we enable conditions for individuals to be able to make the choice to stay?
Foto credits: Jamil Ghafuri Fotographi